List of earthquakes in Italy

Map of earthquakes in Italy 1900-2017
Earthquakes M5.5+ (1900-2016) Mediterranean

This is a list of earthquakes in Italy.

Geology

Italy lies on the southern extent of the Eurasian Plate, which is surrounded by the Aegean Sea Plate, the Adriatic Plate, and the Anatolian Plate. The Apennine Mountains contain numerous faults that run along the entire Italian peninsula and form the majority of the destructive boundary between the Eurasian and the Adriatic plates, thus causing Italy to have high amounts of tectonic activity. In addition, Sicily and Calabria are located near the boundary where the African plate is subducting below the Eurasian plate, which was responsible for forming the stratovolcano known as Mount Etna.

List of earthquakes

DateRegionMag.IDeathsInjuriesNotes
2017-08-21Campania4.2 MwV–VI242
2017-01-18Abruzzo, Lazio5.7 MwVIII3429Sequence
2016-10-30Umbria6.6 MwIX3 (indirect)DozensSequence / extensive damage
2016-08-24Lazio, Umbria, Marche6.2 MwIX299>400
2013-06-21Tuscany5.2 MwV4[1][2]
2012-05-29Emilia-Romagna5.8 MwVII20350
2012-05-20Emilia-Romagna6.1 MwVII5 (+2 indirect)50
2009-04-06L'Aquila6.3 MwVIII3091,500+Severe damage
2004-11-24Lombardy, Salò5.1 MwVII–VIII *9Many buildings damaged[3]
2003-09-14Emilia-Romagna5.3 MwVIISome10 buildings damaged[4]
2003-04-11Piedmont, Alessandria5.0 MbVI *2[5]
2003-01-26Emilia-Romagna4.7 MbVIIBuildings damaged[6]
2002-11-01Molise5.8 Mw3Doublet / additional damage[7]
2002-10-31Molise5.930Doublet
2002-09-06Sicily6.0 Mw220Heart attacks / damage[8]
2001-11-26Tuscany, Arezzo4.6 MbV–VI *Buildings damaged[9]
2001-07-17Trentino-Alto Adige4.7 MwVI *33Landslides[10]
2000-08-21Piedmont, Asti4.9 MwVI *Buildings damaged[11]
1998-09-09Basilicata, Calabria5.6 MwVI–VII *212Buildings damaged[12]
1997-09-26Umbria, Marche6.19Doublet
1997-09-26Umbria, Foligno5.72Doublet
1997-05-12Umbria, Massa Martana4.4 MbVI *Some damage[13]
1991-05-26Basilicata, Potenza5.1 MbVIIIA fewMinor damage[14]
1990-12-13Sicily, Augusta5.6 MwVII19200Severe damage[15]
1990-05-05Basilicata, Campania5.8 MwVII216[16]
1987-07-03Marche, Porto San Giorgio5.1 MbVIIDamage[17]
1987-05-02Emilia-Romagna4.8 MbVII1SeveralSlight damage[18]
1984-05-07Abruzzo, Lazio5.9 MwVIII3100Extensive damage[19]
1984-04-29Umbria, Gubbio5.7 MwVIII36Extensive damage[20]
1983-11-09Emilia-Romagna5.1 MwVIII100Some damage[21]
1982-03-21Basilicata, Maratea4.8 MbVIDamage[22]
1980-11-23Campania, Basilicata6.9 MwX2,483–4,9007,700–8,934Extreme damage
1979-09-19Umbria, Norcia5.8 Ms55,000Severe damageNGDC
1978-04-15Gulf of Patti, Sicily5.7 Ms5Moderate damageNGDC
1978-03-11Sicily5.0 Ms22Moderate damageNGDC
1976-09-15Friuli5.9/6.08 (+3 indirect)Aftershock
1976-09-11Friuli5.8/5.62 (indirect)Aftershock
1976-05-06Friuli6.5 MwX900–9781700–2400Extreme damage
1972-06-14Ancona4.9IXExtensive damage / swarm[23]
1972-02-04Ancona4.4VIIIExtensive damage / swarm[23]
1971-07-15Emilia-Romagna5.2 MbVIII *2Limited damageNGDC
1971-02-06Lazio4.6 MbVIII24150Extreme damageNGDC
1969-08-11Perugia4.7 MsVII4Limited damageNGDC
1968-01-15Western Sicily5.5 MwX231–400632–1,000Sequence
1962-08-21Irpinia, Campania6.1IX *16Moderate damageNGDC
1943-10-03Offida, Marche5.5 MwIX15Very heavy damage[24]
1936-10-18Cansiglio5.9 MLIX19
1930-10-30Senigallia, Marche5.918
1930-07-23Irpinia6.6 MsX1,4044,624–7,000
1920-09-07Garfagnana6.4171[25]
1917-04-26Northern Umbria5.820
1915-01-13Avezzano6.7 MwXI29,978–32,610Extreme damage
1914-05-08Sicily4.9 MsX120Severe damageNGDC
1908-12-28Strait of Messina7.1 MwXI75,000–200,000Extreme damage / tsunami
1907-10-23Calabria5.9 MsVIII–X158–167Moderate damageNGDC
1905-09-08Calabria7.2 MwXI557–2,500Tsunami
1901-10-30Salò5.5 MwVII–VIIICollapsed buildings[26]
1887-02-23Liguria6.2–6.5>2,000Significant damage / tsunami[27][28]
1873-06-29Veneto6.3 MeIX–X80
1857-12-16Basilicata7.0 MwXI10,000Extreme damage
1851-08-14Basilicata700–2,000+Many buildings damaged[29][30]
1805-07-26Campania, Molise6.6 MeX5,573Extreme damage
1783-02-04Calabria7.050,000[25]
1762-10-06L'Aquila5.3–6.0 MwIXDamage[31]
1732-11-29Campania6.6Thousands[32]
1703-02-12L'Aquila6.7XI2,500–5,000
1703-01-16Montereale6.2VIII
1703-01-14Norcia6.7X6,240–9,761
1694-09-08Basilicata6.9>6,000
1693-01-11Sicily, Malta7.4 MwXI60,000
1688-06-05Sannio7.0XI3,311Severe damageNGDC
1678-03-04VeniceAssociated with the birth of Antonio Vivaldi
1659-11-06Calabria2,035Extreme damageNGDC
1654-07-23Sorano, MarsicaX600Severe damageNGDC
1638-06-09CalabriaIX52Moderate damageNGDC
1638-03-27Calabria7.0 MsXI9,581Extreme damage / tsunamiNGDC
1627-07-30Apulia6.7 MwX5,000Tsunami
1626-07-30Naples70,000
1626-04-04Girifalco6.1 MwXVery heavy damage
1570-11-17Ferrara70–200
1511-03-26FriuliX15Severe damage
1461-11-27L'Aquila6.3IX>80High intensity over Abruzzo region
1456-12-05Molise6.9–7.1 MwX–XIHigh intensity over large area[33]
1456-12-30Benevento6.6 MwX–XISequence[33]
1349-09-09L'AquilaX2,000Severe damageNGDC
1348-01-25Friuli6.9X10,000Extreme damage
1222-12-25Northern ItalyX12,000Extreme damage
1169-02-04SicilyX15,000–25,000Severe damage / tsunami
1117-01-03Italy, GermanyVIISevere damage
62-02-05Campania5.2–6.1IX–XSevere damage
Note: The NGDC has records for significant events that go back several thousand years BCE. Added for source diversity, the United States Geological Survey reports are sufficient from the early 1980s to the present. Occasionally, these sources omit the maximum felt intensity. Rovida et al. 2011 can help fill in some of the gaps. Intensity values derived from this source are indicated with an asterisk. The inclusion criteria for adding events are based on WikiProject Earthquakes' notability guideline that was developed for stand alone articles. The principles described also apply to lists. In summary, only damaging, injurious, or deadly events should be recorded.

See also

References

  1. ^ "M 5.2 - 2km SSW of Fivizzano, Italy". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2017-07-11.
  2. ^ Online, Redazione. "Terremoto in Toscana (magnitudo 5.2): in Lunigiana un migliaio di sfollati". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 2017-07-11.
  3. ^ USGS. "M5.1 - northern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  4. ^ USGS. "M5.3 - northern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  5. ^ USGS. "M5.0 - northern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  6. ^ USGS. "M4.7 - central Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  7. ^ USGS. "M5.8 - southern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  8. ^ USGS. "M6.0 - Sicily, Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  9. ^ USGS. "M4.6 - central Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  10. ^ USGS. "M4.7 - northern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  11. ^ USGS. "M4.9 - northern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  12. ^ USGS. "M5.6 - southern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  13. ^ USGS. "M4.4 - central Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  14. ^ USGS. "M5.1 - southern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  15. ^ USGS. "M5.6 - Sicily, Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  16. ^ USGS. "M5.8 - southern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  17. ^ USGS. "M5.1 - central Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  18. ^ USGS. "M4.8 - northern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  19. ^ USGS. "M5.9 - southern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  20. ^ USGS. "M5.7 - central Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  21. ^ USGS. "M5.1 - northern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  22. ^ USGS. "M4.8 - southern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  23. ^ a b Kisslinger, C. (1972), "The Ancona, Italy Earthquake Swarm, 1972", Seismological Research Letters, Seismological Society of America, 43 (4): 9–14, 10.1785/gssrl.43.4.9
  24. ^ Tertulliani, A.; Castelli, V.; Rossi, A.; Vecchi, M. (2014), "Reappraising a wartime earthquake: the October 3, 1943 event in the southern Marches (central Italy)", Annals of Geophysics, Istituto Nazionale Geofisica e Vulcanologia, 57 (6): 1, 7, 8, 10.4401/ag-6645
  25. ^ a b USGS
  26. ^ Pessina, V.; Tertulliani, A.; Romano, C.; Scardia, G. (2013), "The revision of the 30 October 1901 earthquake west of Lake Garda (northern Italy)", Bollettino di Geofisica Teorica ed Applicata, Instituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale, 54 (1): 77, 85, 87, 10.4430/bgta0083
  27. ^ Eva, Claudio; Rabinovich, Alexander B. (1 September 1997). "The February 23, 1887 tsunami recorded on the Ligurian Coast, western Mediterranean". Geophysical Research Letters. 24 (17): 2211–2214. 1997GeoRL..24.2211E. 10.1029/97GL02110.
  28. ^ "Earthquake strikes Mediterranean". Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  29. ^ "Melfi, After the Late Earthquake". The Illustrated London News. Naples (published 1853-02-05). 1853-01-13. pp. 97–98. Retrieved 2019-08-20.
  30. ^ Palmieri, Luigi (1852). Della regione vulcanica del Monte Vulture e del tremuoto ivi avvenuto nel dì 14 agosto 1851 (in Italian). National Library of Naples. Naples: Stabilimento tipografico di Gaetano Nobile.
  31. ^ Tertulliani, A.; Cucci, L.; Rossi, A.; Castelli, V. (2012), "The 6 October 1762 Middle Aterno Valley (L'Aquila, Central Italy) Earthquake: New Constraints and New Insights", Seismological Research Letters, Seismological Society of America, 83 (6): 1071, 1073, 1075, 10.1785/0220120048
  32. ^ "Avellino: nel cuore dell'Irpinia sismica" [Avellino: in the heart of the seismic Irpinia] (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 20 October 2017. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
  33. ^ a b Fracassi, U.; Valensise, G. (2007), "Unveiling the sources of the catastrophic 1456 multiple earthquake: hints to an unexplored tectonic mechanism in southern Italy" (PDF), Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 97 (3): 725–748, 2007BuSSA..97..725F, 10.1785/0120050250

Notes

Further reading

  • Mario Baratta (1901). I terremoti d'Italia [Earthquakes in Italy] (in Italian). Turin: Fratelli Bocca. (includes chronology)

External links