The Italy portal Portale Italia ( Italy : Italian Italia [iˈtaːlja] (), officially the ) listen Italian Republic (Italian: Repubblica Italiana ), is a [reˈpubblika itaˈljaːna] consisting of a European country delimited by the peninsula and surrounded by Alps . Located in the middle of the several islands and traversed along its length by the Mediterranean sea , Italy has a largely Apennines and temperate seasonal . The country covers a total area of 301,340 km Mediterranean climate 2 (116,350 sq mi), and land area of 294,140 km 2 (113,570 sq mi), and shares open with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, and the land borders microstates of enclaved and Vatican City . Italy has a territorial San Marino in Switzerland ( exclave ) and a maritime exclave in the Campione ( Tunisian Sea ). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the Lampedusa . fourth-most populous member state of the European Union
Due to its central geographic location in
and Southern Europe , Italy has historically been home to myriad peoples and cultures. In addition to the the Mediterranean dispersed throughout modern-day Italy, the most predominant being the various ancient peoples Indo-European who gave the peninsula its name, beginning from the Italic peoples era, classical and Phoenicians founded colonies mostly in Carthaginians , insular Italy established settlements in the so-called Greeks of Magna Graecia , while Southern Italy and Etruscans inhabited Celts and central Italy respectively. An Italic tribe known as the northern formed the Latins in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a Roman Kingdom with a government of the republic . The Roman Republic initially Senate and the People and conquered its neighbours on the peninsula, eventually assimilated parts of expanding and conquering , Europe and North Africa . By the first century BC, the Asia emerged as the dominant power in the Roman Empire and became the Mediterranean Basin leading cultural, political and religious of centre , inaugurating the Western civilisation , a period of more than 200 years during which Italy's Pax Romana , law , technology , economy , and art developed. Italy remained the literature of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose homeland can also be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, legacy and the Christianity . Latin script
Selected article - Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi ( c. 1445 – May 17, 1510), known as ( Sandro Botticelli /, Italian: ), was an [ˈsandro bottiˈtʃɛlli] . He belonged to the Italian painter of the Early Renaissance under the patronage of Florentine School , a movement that Lorenzo de' Medici would characterize less than a hundred years later in his Giorgio Vasari Vita of Botticelli as a " ". Botticelli's posthumous reputation suffered until the late 19th century; since then, his work has been seen to represent the linear grace of Early Renaissance painting. golden age
As well as the small number of mythological subjects which are his best known works today, he painted a wide range of religious subjects and also some portraits. He and his workshop were especially known for their
Madonna and Childs, many in the round shape. Botticelli's best-known works are tondo and The Birth of Venus , both in the Primavera in Florence. He lived all his life in the same neighbourhood of Florence, with probably his only significant time elsewhere the months he spent painting in Uffizi in 1474 and the Pisa in Rome in 1481–82. Sistine Chapel Read more... Selected picture - ...that , the main character in the Poliphilo book Renaissance , was said to have felt "extreme delight," "incredible joy," and "frenetic pleasure and cupidinous frenzy" when he saw the buildings depicted in the book? Hypnerotomachia Poliphili Selected cuisine - ( Espresso / (, ) listen Italian: ) is [esˈprɛsso] of coffee origin, brewed by forcing a small amount of nearly boiling water under pressure ( Italian expressing) through finely ground . Espresso is generally thicker than coffee brewed by other methods, has a higher concentration of suspended and dissolved solids, and has coffee beans crema on top (a foam with a creamy consistency). As a result of the pressurized brewing process, the flavors and chemicals in a typical cup of espresso are very concentrated. Espresso is also the base for other drinks such as a , caffè latte , cappuccino , caffè macchiato , caffè mocha , or flat white . caffè Americano
Espresso has more
per unit volume than most coffee beverages, but because the usual serving size is much smaller, the total caffeine content is less than a mug of standard brewed coffee, contrary to a common belief. Although the actual caffeine content of any coffee drink varies by size, bean origin, roast method and other factors, a typical serving of espresso contains 120 to 170 milligrams of caffeine whereas a typical serving of drip coffee contains 150 to 200 mg. caffeine Read more... Categories Select [►] to view subcategories
Spanish Republican poster against "the Italian invader".
, the commercial, cultural, and political center of the city and the Republic which housed the various offices and meeting places of the government. Roman Forum
Italian Lombard kingdom (781–1014).
was murdered a few days after he openly denounced Fascist violence during the 1924 elections. Giacomo Matteotti
Commedia dell'arte troupe in a late 16th-century Flemish painting. Gelosi
depicts some of the mosaic entertainments that would have been offered at the games. Gladiators
Imperial ambitions of Fascist Italy in Europe, 1936.
Italian unification in 1860.
, iconic middle-class dream car and status symbol of the 1950-60s. Fiat 600
Italy has been a home for innovation in
in the centuries since science formulated his theories of planetary movement. Galileo
the oldest mummy in the world discovered in the southern Alps (region of Ötzi ) with extremely sophisticated equipment to that time. 4th millennium BCE. Trentino-Alto Adige
and the nearby islands in the 1st century BCE. Italy
, the last King of Italy, was exiled to Portugal. Umberto II
, Prime Minister 1945–53, is revered as a founding father of modern Italy and Europe. Alcide De Gasperi
Italian prisoners in El Alamein, November 1942.
of the far-right terrorist group Attack at the NAR railway station on 2 August 1980, which caused the death of 85 people. Bologna
From left to right, Chamberlain, Daladier, Hitler, Mussolini and Italian Foreign Minister
at the signing of Count Ciano . Munich Agreement
Italian states (1815–1859).
The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci, possibly one of the most famous and iconic examples of Italian art
ice cream dessert. gelato
comes from the Italian espresso esprimere, which means "to express," and refers to the process by which hot water is forced under pressure through ground coffee.
Sergio Mattarella, President of the Italian Republic, elected on 3 February 2015.
Physician attire for protection from the Bubonic plague or Black death, 1656.
Mussolini reviewing adolescent soldiers, late 1944.
the EUR in Rome is a perfect example of modern Italian architecture
Mussolini and Hitler in June 1940.
, originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire. Colosseum
Giuseppe Verdi, one of Italy's greatest opera composers. Portrait by
. Giovanni Boldini
, Prime Minister of Italy for almost ten years between 1994 and 2011. Silvio Berlusconi
Regional seat of
in Cosenza. RAI
Ancient Greek colonies and their
groupings in Southern Italy.
NW Greek Achaean Doric
cheering D'Annunzio and his Fiume Legionari, September 1919. At the time, Fiume had 22,488 (62% of the population) Italians in a total population of 35,839 inhabitants.
is the world's largest Christian church. It is the second church to stand above the St. Peter's Basilica crypt (tomb) believed to hold the body of , the first pope. Saint Peter
Map of Etruscan civilisation.
provided an inspiration for the medieval European. Although the Roman Empire rarely acquired a serious geopolitical reality, it possessed great symbolic significance. Holy Roman Empire
cathedral in Santa Maria del Fiore , which has the biggest brick dome in the world, and is considered a masterpiece of Italian architecture and world architecture. Florence
Secondary, widely spoken or understood.
Understood by some due to former colonisation.
shop in Singapore. Prada Topics Related portals Associated Wikimedia